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články
články
Document record
Source: BMČ - články
Title
Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes with Empagliflozin in Heart Failure / M. Packer, SD. Anker, J. Butler, G. Filippatos, SJ. Pocock, P. Carson, J. Januzzi, S. Verma, H. Tsutsui, M. Brueckmann, W. Jamal, K. Kimura, J. Schnee, C. Zeller, D. Cotton, E. Bocchi, M. Böhm, DJ. Choi, V. Chopra, E. Chuquiure, N. Giannetti, S. Janssens, J. Zhang, JR. Gonzalez Juanatey, S. Kaul, HP. Brunner-La Rocca, B. Merkely, SJ. Nicholls, S. Perrone, I. Pina, P. Ponikowski, N. Sattar, M. Senn
Author
Packer, Milton
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Anker, Stefan D
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Butler, Javed
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Filippatos, Gerasimos
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Pocock, Stuart J
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Carson, Peter
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Januzzi, James
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Verma, Subodh
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Tsutsui, Hiroyuki
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Brueckmann, Martina
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Jamal, Waheed
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Kimura, Karen
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Schnee, Janet
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Zeller, Cordula
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Cotton, Daniel
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Bocchi, Edimar
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Böhm, Michael
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Choi, Dong-Ju
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Chopra, Vijay
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Chuquiure, Eduardo
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Giannetti, Nadia
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Janssens, Stefan
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Zhang, Jian
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

González Juanatey, José R
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Kaul, Sanjay
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Brunner-La Rocca, Hans-Peter
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Merkely, Bela
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Nicholls, Stephen J
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Perrone, Sergio
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Pina, Ileana
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Ponikowski, Piotr
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Sattar, Naveed
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Senni, Michele
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Seronde, Marie-France
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Spinar, Jindrich
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Squire, Iain
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Taddei, Stefano
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Wanner, Christoph
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

Zannad, Faiez
From Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (M.P.); Imperial College (M.P.) and the Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (S.J.P.), London, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow (N.S.), and the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester (I.S.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Cardiology and Berlin Institute of Health Center for Regenerative Therapies, German Center for Cardiovascular Research Partner Site Berlin, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin (S.D.A.), Boehringer Ingelheim International, Ingelheim (M. Brueckmann, W.J.), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (M. Brueckmann), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach (C.Z.), Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Saarland University, Homburg-Saar (M. Böhm), and the Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg (C.W.) - all in Germany; the Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson (J.B.); National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens University Hospital Attikon, Athens (G.F.); Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington DC (P.C.); the Division of Cardiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.J.); the Division of Cardiac Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto (S.V.), Boehringer Ingelheim Canada, Burlington, ON (K.K.), and the Division of Cardiology, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal (N.G.) - all in Canada; the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan (H.T.); Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT (J. Schnee, D.C.); Heart Institute, São Paulo University Medical School, São Paulo (E.B.); the Department of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea (D.-J.C.); the Department of Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India (V.C.); the Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City (E.C.); the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (S.J.); Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing (J.Z.); the Cardiology Department, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (J.R.G.J.); the Department of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (S.K.); Maastricht Heart and Vascular Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands (H.P.B.-L.R.); the Heart and Vascular Center, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary (B.M.); Victorian Heart Institute and Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (S.J.N.); Fleni Institute and Hospital El Cruce-Nestor Kirchner, Buenos Aires (S.P.); the Department of Medicine, Wayne State and Central Michigan Universities, Detroit (I.P.); the Center for Heart Diseases, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland (P.P.); the Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo (M.S.), and the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa (S.T.) - both in Italy; the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon (M.-F.S.), and Université de Lorraine, INSERM Investigation Network Initiative-Cardiovascular and Renal Clinical Trialists, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Nancy (F.Z.) - both in France; and Internal Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (J. Spinar).

EMPEROR-Reduced Trial Investigators
Cited source
The New England journal of medicine. 2020, roč. 383, č. 15, s. 1413-1424. ISSN: 0028-4793; 1533-4406 (elektronická verze).
Date of issue
2020
Language
angličtina
Country
Spojené státy americké
Document type
články
DOI
Pubmed ID
Link
Record number
bmc20027738
Persistent link
MESH descriptor
glifloziny (škodlivé účinky, terapeutické užití)
staří
benzhydrylové sloučeniny (škodlivé účinky, terapeutické užití)
kardiovaskulární nemoci (mortalita, prevence a kontrola)
diabetes mellitus 2. typu (komplikace)
dvojitá slepá metoda
ženské pohlaví
hodnoty glomerulární filtrace (účinky léků)
glukosidy (škodlivé účinky, terapeutické užití)
srdeční selhání (komplikace, farmakoterapie, patofyziologie)
hospitalizace (statistika a číselné údaje)
lidé
mužské pohlaví
lidé středního věku
tepový objem
proporcionální rizikové modely
progrese nemoci
chronická renální insuficience (komplikace)
Genre
English Abstract
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in patients regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes. More evidence is needed regarding the effects of these drugs in patients across the broad spectrum of heart failure, including those with a markedly reduced ejection fraction. METHODS: In this double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 3730 patients with class II, III, or IV heart failure and an ejection fraction of 40% or less to receive empagliflozin (10 mg once daily) or placebo, in addition to recommended therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for worsening heart failure. RESULTS: During a median of 16 months, a primary outcome event occurred in 361 of 1863 patients (19.4%) in the empagliflozin group and in 462 of 1867 patients (24.7%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio for cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65 to 0.86; P<0.001). The effect of empagliflozin on the primary outcome was consistent in patients regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes. The total number of hospitalizations for heart failure was lower in the empagliflozin group than in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.58 to 0.85; P<0.001). The annual rate of decline in the estimated glomerular filtration rate was slower in the empagliflozin group than in the placebo group (-0.55 vs. -2.28 ml per minute per 1.73 m2 of body-surface area per year, P<0.001), and empagliflozin-treated patients had a lower risk of serious renal outcomes. Uncomplicated genital tract infection was reported more frequently with empagliflozin. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients receiving recommended therapy for heart failure, those in the empagliflozin group had a lower risk of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure than those in the placebo group, regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes. (Funded by Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly; EMPEROR-Reduced ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03057977.).
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