Autonomous Systems and Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare Transformation to 5P Medicine - Ethical Challenges / B. Blobel, P. Ruotsalainen, M. Brochhausen, F. Oemig, GA. Uribe,
Blobel, Bernd Medical Faculty, University of Regensburg, Germany. eHealth Competence Center Bavaria, Deggendorf Institute of Technology, Germany. First Medical Faculty, Charles University of Prague, Czech Republic. Ruotsalainen, Pekka Tampere University, Tampere, Finland. Brochhausen, Mathias College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Oemig, Frank Deutsche Telekom Healthcare and Security Solutions GmbH, Bonn, Germany. Uribe, Gustavo A The European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland. Telematics Engineering Research Group, University of Cauca, Popayán, Colombia.
The paper introduces a structured approach to transforming healthcare towards personalized, preventive, predictive, participative precision (P5) medicine and the related organizational, methodological and technological requirements. Thereby, the deployment of autonomous systems and artificial intelligence is inevitably. The paper discusses opportunities and challenges of those technologies from a humanistic and ethical perspective. It shortly introduces the essential concepts and principles, and critically discusses some relevant projects. Finally, it offers ways for correctly representing, specifying, implementing and deploying autonomous and intelligent systems under an ethical perspective.