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články
články
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Source: BMČ - články
Title
Smoking prevalence and desire to quit among employees in Transylvanian foster care homes / N. Tubák, Z. Ábrám, I. Lorand Ferencz, V. Nadasan, M. Ferencz, P. Balázs, M. Pénzes, K. L. Foley
Author
Tubák, Nimród
Department of Hygiene, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania

Ábrám, Zoltán
Department of Hygiene, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania

Lorand Ferencz, Iozsef
Department of Hygiene, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania

Nadasan, Valentin
Department of Hygiene, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania

Ferencz, Melinda
Psychiatric Clinic No. 2, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania

Balázs, Péter
Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary

Pénzes, Melinda
Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary

Foley, Kristie L
Department of Implementation Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA

Cited source
Central European Journal of Public Health. 2020, roč. 28, č. 1, s. 13-17. ISSN: 1210-7778.
Date of issue
2020
Language
angličtina
Country
Česko
Document type
články
DOI
Pubmed ID
Link
Call number
NLK: B 1829 ; neváz. 562
Record number
bmc20004542
Persistent link
English Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated smoking habits among foster care home children and employees, who are at high risk for smoking. Additionally, there are no published studies on the intention to quit smoking among employees of the Romanian Child Protection system, a gap we address in this manuscript. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted among foster care employees in three Transylvanian counties (Mures, Sibiu, Covasna) in January 2014 to February 2015 (baseline) and September-December 2016 (follow-up). A foster home-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention targeting employees and children was conducted between the two waves. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine associations between socio-demographics, reasons for smoking, tobacco use patterns, reasons for quitting, and tobacco policy attitudes on intention to quit (dependent variable), controlling for participation in the smoking prevention intervention. RESULTS: 305 employees participated in the baseline (76.4% of females, 23.6% of males) and 304 employees in the follow-up surveys (68.8% of females, 31.2% of males) after the smoking prevention and cessation intervention. At baseline, 34.8% of respondents reported that no one was smoking within the foster care home, which increased to 59.1% at follow-up (p < 0.001). Being male and a high level of professional satisfaction were the only correlates of intention to quit in the bivariate models at baseline. Professional satisfaction and a belief that smoking is bad for one's health were the only correlates of intention to quit at follow-up. In multivariable models, professional satisfaction was the only consistent predictor of intention to quit at both time points (OR 5.63, 95% CI 1.71-18.56; OR 4.98, 95% CI 1.43-17.30). CONCLUSIONS: Efforts should be made to promote cessation among foster care employees that includes evidence-based support, along with compliance to policies that prohibit smoking indoors to reinforce cessation efforts.
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