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MeSH Descriptor
Source: MeSH 2021 deskriptory
Main Heading
arabská civilizace
English Heading
Arab World
Preferred Concept
Scope Note
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the administrative, intellectual, social, and cultural domination of the Arab empire. The Arab world, under the impetus of Islam, by the eighth century A.D., extended from Arabia in the Middle East to all of northern Africa, southern Spain, Sardinia, and Sicily. Close contact was maintained with Greek and Jewish culture. While the principal service of the Arabs to medicine was the preservation of Greek culture, the Arabs themselves were the originators of algebra, chemistry, geology, and many of the refinements of civilization. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p260; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p126)
Annotation
note category; lands & peoples under influence of Arab civilization & culture; IM; not restricted to hist articles; do not confuse with ARABIA, a Category Z hist geog term
History note
95
Public Note
95
Record number
D018643
Persistent link
Allowable qualifiers (subheadings)
[HI] dějiny
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